Highway Angel

Since its inception in 1997, TCA’s Highway Angel program has recognized professional truck drivers for the exemplary courtesy and courage they have shown others while on North America’s roadways. Their good deeds range from simple acts of kindness, such as fixing a flat tire, to heroic life-saving efforts, such as pulling someone from a burning vehicle and administering CPR.

Highway Angels are nominated by their employers, fellow professional truck drivers, or the motorists they’ve assisted. Once nominated, TCA investigates and verifies the details involved before recognizing the driver as a Highway Angel.

If you know of, witness, or experience an exceptional act of kindness or courtesy by a professional truck driver, please complete the Highway Angel nomination form.

Follow the hashtag #HighwayAngel to read the latest heroic drivers’ stories, or view historic recipients.

Those honored as Highway Angels receive a lapel pin, patch, decals, and personalized certificate of appreciation. Their employers also receive a certificate of recognition for display at their terminal or office.

Sponsor

"EpicAngel" - Highway Angel of the Year Award

EpicVue and TCA co-present the “EpicAngel” Highway Angel of the Year Award to the professional truck driver who best embodied the spirit of the program during the prior year. In addition to being recognized at TCA’s Annual Convention and receiving a trophy, each year’s EpicAngel honoree will receive a complimentary EpicVue in-cab entertainment package.

John Weston
Challenger Motor Freight

Truckload Carriers Association and EpicVue Name 2017 Highway Angel of the Year: John Weston of Challenger Motor Freight
3/26/2018
Kissimmee, Florida:
John Weston, a professional driver for Challenger Motor Freight, has been named the 2017 Highway Angel of the Year by the Truckload Carriers Association (TCA) and its partner EpicVue. In two separate incidents, he comforted a fellow truck driver in his final moments, as well as helped a family who crashed into a ditch in 26-degree weather. Weston was recognized during Monday’s general session at TCA’s 80th Annual Convention in Kissimmee, Florida.
On Friday morning, October 27, 2017, John Weston had finished a load and was driving on 401 East back to the yard when he came across a high-speed rear end collision involving two semi-tractor trailers. John pulled over to the shoulder and approached the accident. He found the second vehicle was entangled into the back of the first trailer. There were no emergency services on the scene at this point and other vehicles continued to drive past the accident.
He checked in the cab of the first truck and saw that the two drivers were unharmed, so he went back to the rear truck. There was debris and glass scattered across the road. He found the driver upside down still strapped to his seat and unable to move in the mangled cab. The driver called out, “Open the door! Open the door!” But there was no door anymore. John could only see the top of the driver’s head.
John said to the driver, “Would you mind if I put my hand on your head so you know that I’m with you?” He wanted to make sure the driver felt comforted and was relaxed. The driver was not visibly bleeding, but he said he couldn’t feel anything. John continued to talk to him, holding his head for the next half hour. John was the last person to talk to him. The driver passed away.
A year prior, he spotted a car in a ditch at 2:00 a.m. in 26-degree weather, and climbed down to discover a mother and kids in the car. He pulled them out and let them rest in his truck to keep warm until paramedics arrived. He says, “It’s just what we do. You change a tire so someone can get home. It’s always someone’s mother or grandmother or friend. It’s what we do. You’re there, you do your job, and then you disappear.”
Lance Platt, CEO of EpicVue, said during the award presentation, “John Weston is the epitome of a beautiful stranger, a light on the darkest night, a true Highway Angel.”
The Highway Angel program, now in its 21st year, recognizes professional truck drivers who have selflessly helped others while on the job. From each year’s Angels, one is selected as Highway Angel of the Year because he or she best embodies the spirit of the program.
During the award ceremony, Platt presented Weston with a trophy, a complimentary EpicVue satellite TV package that includes a 24-inch flat screen TV, a DVR, and a one-year subscription to over 100 channels of DIRECTV programming, including premium channels such as HBO, Cinemax, Showtime, and the NFL Sunday Ticket. Then, Nashville recording artist Lindsay Lawler, the official spokesperson of the Highway Angel program, sang her song “Highway Angel.”

Daniel Sieczkarski
Melton Truck Lines, Inc.

Truckload Carriers Association and EpicVue Name 2016 Highway Angel of the Year: Daniel Sieczkarski of Melton Truck Lines
3/27/2017
Nashville, Tennessee:
Daniel Sieczkarski of Rochester, New York, a professional driver for Melton Truck Lines, Inc., of Tulsa, Oklahoma, has been named the 2016 Highway Angel of the Year by the Truckload Carriers Association (TCA) and its partner EpicVue.
View photos from the general session.
The Highway Angel program, now in its 20th year, recognizes professional truck drivers who have selflessly helped others while on the job. From each year’s awardees, one Highway Angel is selected as Highway Angel of the Year because he or she is thought to best embody the spirit of the program. Sieczkarski was recognized earlier this morning during TCA’s Annual Convention, currently underway at the Gaylord Opryland in Nashville.
During the award ceremony, Lance Platt, CEO of the Salt Lake City, Utah-based EpicVue, presented Sieczarski with a trophy and prize, a complimentary EpicVue satellite TV package that includes a 24-inch flat screen TV, a DVR, and a one-year subscription to over 100 channels of DIRECTV programming, including premium channels such as HBO, Cinemax, Showtime, and the NFL Sunday Ticket. Then, Nashville recording artist Lindsay Lawler, the official spokesperson of the Highway Angel program, sang one of her songs, appropriately titled “Highway Angel.”
The incident that Sieczkarski was honored for took place on April 18, 2016. He was driving on I-10 near Brookshire, Texas, just outside of Houston, when he heard a weather alert about flooding in the area. He then spotted a tractor trailer parked sideways near a bridge. Floodwater was rising around the truck, but the driver was still behind the wheel. Realizing that something was wrong, he quickly moved his truck to a safe place and ran back to check out the scene.
Another motorist had also stopped and happened to have a life vest and some tubing available. Sieczkarski and the motorist tied the tubing to the vest and floated it toward the driver to use. After 15 minutes of unsuccessfully trying to talk the driver into leaving his tractor trailer and all his belongings behind, Sieczkarski knew he had to take matters into his own hands. Donning the life vest himself, he swam out to the stranded driver’s truck. As he opened the cab door, the other driver began to realize how quickly the water was rising and was finally convinced to leave his truck. Without a second to lose, the pair swam through the turbulent water toward dry land. They were pulled under several times, but with the help of several Good Samaritans who by now were gathered on dry land and helped to pull them in, both were able to reach safety.
Russell Stubbs, TCA’s 2016-17 chairman, and the chairman of FFE Holdings in Lancaster, Texas, said, “I’m told that an hour after Daniel rescued the other driver, the stranded tractor trailer was fully submerged underwater. Talk about ‘just in time delivery!’”
EpicVue’s Platt said, “Daniel put another man’s life before his own. If he had not acted so quickly, the outcome could have been very different. My company considers it a privilege to be able to recognize and honor amazing professional truck drivers like him, which is why we love sponsoring this program.”
Since its inception in August 1997, the Highway Angels program has recognized hundreds of drivers for the unusual kindness, courtesy, and courage they have shown others while on the job. Archival copies of past Highway Angel press releases can be found at www.truckload.org/newsroom. You can also watch the video of Sieczkarski rescuing the driver here.
More information about TCA’s activities, including the Highway Angel program, is available by following the association on Facebook—and Twitter. On both social media sites, you can also learn about this year’s Annual Convention with the hashtag #2017TCA. The Highway Angel hashtag is #HighwayAngel.

Josh Grimaldi
Prime, Inc.

TCA and EpicVue Name Highway Angel of the Year: Josh Grimaldi
3/7/2016

LAS VEGAS, Nevada:

Each year, the Truckload Carriers Association (TCA) and its partner EpicVue honor a Highway Angel of the Year who best embodies the spirit of the organization’s Highway Angel program. The 2015 “EpicAngel” is Josh Grimaldi of Springfield, Missouri, a professional truck driver for Prime, Inc., also of Springfield, Missouri.

The recognition ceremony took place Monday, March 7, 2016, at the Wynn Resort in Las Vegas, Nevada. First, Lance Platt, CEO of the Salt Lake City, Utah-based EpicVue, presented Grimaldi with a trophy and prize, a complimentary EpicVue satellite TV package that includes a 24-inch flat screen TV, a DVR, and a one-year subscription to over 100 channels of DIRECTV programming, including premium channels such as HBO, Cinemax, Showtime, and the NFL Sunday Ticket. Then, Nashville recording artist Lindsay Lawler, the official spokesperson of the Highway Angel program, sang one of her songs, appropriately titled “Highway Angel.”

Grimaldi’s good deed took place on a cold and snowy evening in December 2015. As he drove westbound in Nevada on I-80 over Donner Pass, Grimaldi, a veteran of the U.S. Marine Corps, noticed a car attempting to pass him. Unfortunately, it hit an icy patch, fishtailed, hit the back of Grimaldi’s trailer, flipped several times, and finally came to a stop near the edge of the road.  Grimaldi immediately pulled over and ran to the vehicle, which had been severely crushed.

Unable to open the door, Grimaldi yelled to another motorist to call 911 and then ran back to his truck to get his flashlight, which he used to force the door open. Inside, he found a woman who appeared to be in shock. She was screaming that she was pregnant.  After several attempts to calm the injured woman down and encourage her to crawl to him, he climbed into the vehicle and lifted her out of the car.  He then carried her to a nearby embankment and began to assess her injuries. After what seemed like an eternity, another driver stopped to help—fortunately, a nurse on her way home from a nearby hospital. Grimaldi was able to leave the woman with the nurse while he placed strobe lights and reflective safety triangles around the crushed vehicle to warn other vehicles approaching the crash scene. Grimaldi then called 911 and spoke directly with the paramedics about the severity of the situation.

“Josh has only been working as a professional driver for about a year now, but he certainly made a name for himself right away,” said Robert Low, a former TCA chairman and the president and founder of Prime, Inc. “We are very pleased to call him part of our trucking family.”

EpicVue’s Platt said, “I admire what Josh did—and what all of the Highway Angels have done throughout the years. None of them were required to stop and help; they did it freely and on their own. It is our privilege to sponsor this very worthwhile program that recognizes them for their selfless acts of compassion.”

Since its inception in August 1997, the Highway Angels program, sponsored by EpicVue, has recognized hundreds of drivers for the unusual kindness, courtesy, and courage they have shown others while on the job. Archival copies of past Highway Angel press releases can be found at www.truckload.org/newsroom.

You can learn about TCA’s activities, including the Highway Angel program, by following the association on Facebook—and Twitter.  On both social media sites, you can also learn about this year’s Annual Convention with the hashtag #2016TCA.

David Ragland
Kelle’s Transport Service

Truckload Carriers Association and EpicVue Announce Highway Angel of the Year
2/5/2015
Alexandria, Virginia:
Photo: William HuntAt its upcoming Annual Convention, the Truckload Carriers Association (TCA) and EpicVue will honor a Highway Angel of the Year who best embodies the spirit of the organization’s Highway Angel program. The 2014 recipient is David Ragland of Cotopaxi, Colorado, a professional truck driver with Kelle’s Transport Service of West Valley City, Utah. The recognition ceremony will take place Tuesday, March 10, 2015, at the Gaylord Palms in Kissimmee, Florida.
Ragland played a key role in saving two children’s lives after the car they were in swerved off the road, crumpled in half, turned upside down, and caught on fire. Ragland emptied his own fire extinguisher trying to smother the flames and then used another provided by someone else on the scene.
He then assisted another motorist by holding back tree branches so a baby — still alive and strapped to his car seat — could be extracted from the vehicle. Eventually, fire and rescue personnel were able to rescue a second child, although, tragically, both parents and an 8-year-old half-sister had perished.
After the August 2013 incident, Ragland kept quiet about what happened until about a year later, when his company offered a $100 prize for a Good Samaritan contest. When his story was chosen as the winner, Ragland decided not only to donate the money to the surviving children, but also to add to it with money from his own pocket. Before long, Kelle’s Transport office staff and management began to make donations – until the amount grew to $5,000 ($2,500 per child).
As the “EpicAngel,” Ragland, a veteran of the U.S. Army, will be flown to TCA’s convention, where he will be presented with a trophy saluting his willingness to stop and help that day. He will also receive a complimentary EpicVue satellite TV package that includes a 24-inch flat screen TV, a DVR, and a one-year subscription to over 100 channels of DIRECTV programming, including premium channels such as HBO, Cinemax, Showtime, and the NFL Sunday Ticket.
“EpicVue, as our new Angel partner, told us they wanted to help with a great cause – and I can’t think of a better random act of kindness than what David did for those children,” said Shepard Dunn, TCA’s 2014-15 chairman and the president and CEO of Bestway Express, Inc., of Vincennes, Indiana. “Even a year after the kids had been saved, he was still continuing to help them. He’s quite an extraordinary guy.”
Lance Platt, CEO of the Salt Lake City, Utah-based EpicVue, agrees. “One of the purposes of Highway Angels is to demonstrate to the general public the incredible things professional truck drivers do every day out on the road. Anyone who hears this story has got to be impressed — as we certainly are. Ragland truly represents the heart of what Highway Angels is all about.”
Since its inception in August 1997, the Highway Angels program, sponsored by EpicVue, has recognized hundreds of drivers for the unusual kindness, courtesy, and courage they have shown others while on the job. TCA has received letters and e-mails from people across North America nominating truck drivers for the program.
In August of 2014, Ragland was recognized during a press conference and was able to meet one of the young children he helped to save and his family. To view photos from the event, and additional photos of Ragland as they become available, click here.

No award given.

Kenny Cass
FedEx Freight

Kenny Cass of FedEx Freight to Be Recognized in Front of Thousands as 2012 Highway Angel of the Year
12/13/2012

Alexandria, Virginia:

Photo: Kenny CassThis Saturday, December 15, 2012, in front of 34,000 fans at the Famous Idaho Potato Bowl, the Truckload Carriers Association (TCA) and Internet Truckstop will publicly recognize Kenny Cass as the 2012 Highway Angel of the Year. A driver development instructor for FedEx Freight of Portland, Oregon, Cass was chosen from all the Highway Angel recipients for 2012 as the one individual who best embodies the spirit of TCA’s Highway Angel program.

Tom Kretsinger, Jr., TCA’s first vice chairman and the president/COO of American Central Transport, Inc., of Liberty, Missouri., will present the trophy to Cass, who was the only person to stop and help victims involved in a bad accident on the evening of March 22, 2012, in Portland. Kretsinger will be accompanied on the infield by Chris Burruss, president of TCA; Scott Moscrip, president of Internet Truckstop, the official sponsor of the Highway Angel program; and Zack Thomas, field safety advisor for FedEx Freight.

“It is hard to believe that Kenny was the only person who stopped to help at the scene of this nasty accident, especially since it was still early — only eight o’clock in the evening — and plenty of people were passing by on the well-traveled road,” said Kretsinger. “Kenny truly embodies what the Highway Angel program is all about. He is an outstanding representative of the trucking industry, and someone I have been looking forward to meeting and publicly recognizing.”

Cass and his wife, Shawn, and son, Tanner, will be flown to Boise to participate in numerous Bowl-related activities. On Thursday night, he will be honored at the annual Humanitarian Awards Dinner. The next day, he will meet the lieutenant governor of Idaho; tour Boise State University, including Bronco Stadium; and then participate in a dinner hosted by Internet Truckstop. After the Bowl game and trophy ceremony on Saturday, Cass will be treated to a special dinner in his honor, hosted by TCA.

The incident that earned Cass the Highway Angel designation began when he was driving home from work along Martin Luther King Blvd., in Portland, and witnessed a pick-up truck rear-end a 53’ tractor trailer. The pick-up became wedged up to its windshield under the truck, causing damage and injuries to both vehicles and drivers. Over a 20-minute period before authorities arrived, Cass maintained his composure and handled a continuous series of problems, including traffic hurtling toward the wreck at 55 mph in the dark, flames billowing out from under one vehicle, and a disoriented victim who suddenly endangered himself by running toward oncoming traffic!

The Famous Idaho Potato Bowl begins at 2:30 p.m. MST on Saturday and will be televised on ESPN. It is the nation’s longest-running outdoor cold-weather bowl, played since 1997. A post-season, NCAA-sanctioned Division I FBS college football bowl game, the bowl features a top selection from the Western Athletic Conference (WAC) and the Mid-American Conference (MAC). This year’s event features the Toledo Rockets vs. Utah State Aggies.

Marcus Beam
Epes Transport System, Inc.

Marcus Beam to Receive 2011 Highway Angel of the Year Trophy at the Famous Idaho Potato Bowl in Boise, Idaho
12/14/2011

Alexandria, Virginia:

Photo: Marcus BeamIt’s almost time for the Famous Idaho Potato Bowl, and that means that the Truckload Carriers Association (TCA) and Internet Truckstop will soon honor Marcus Beam, a professional truck driver for Greensboro, North Carolina-based Epes Transport System, Inc., as the 2011 Highway Angel of the Year. The 30,000 fans watching the presentation will also get to see Lindsay Lawler’s new music video, “Highway Angel,” which Lawler wrote and dedicated to the Highway Angel program. The game kicks off on Saturday, December 17, 2011, at 3:30 p.m. MST at Bronco Stadium in Boise, Idaho.

TCA Chairman Gary Salisbury, president and CEO of Fikes Truck Line, Inc., of Hope, Ark., will present the trophy to Beam, who rescued an injured mother and two children from an overturned vehicle while others stood by and refused to help. Salisbury will be accompanied on the infield by Chris Burruss, TCA’s president, and Scott Moscrip, president of Internet Truckstop, the official sponsor of the Highway Angel program. Epes Transport System, Inc., will be represented by JT Toler, director of dedicated services, and Kevin Rickansrud, vice president of operations.

“It is rare that we get a chance in life to personally thank a hero, and I am humbled to have this opportunity to recognize Marcus Beam in front of so many people,” said Salisbury. “The last two TCA chairmen told me how thrilling the moment was for them, and one even called it one of his two top life experiences. I can’t wait to make my own contribution toward honoring a selfless, heroic truck driver.”

After arriving in Boise, Beam will participate in numerous Bowl-related activities. On Thursday, December 15, he will be honored at the annual Humanitarian Awards Dinner, sponsored by Internet Truckstop. The next day, Internet Truckstop will escort Beam on a tour of the Idaho state capitol, Humanitarian Museum, and the Boise State Football Stadium. After the Bowl game and the trophy ceremony, Beam will attend a special dinner hosted by TCA in Beam’s honor.

The Famous Idaho Potato Bowl is the nation’s longest-running outdoor cold-weather bowl, played since 1997. A post-season, NCAA-sanctioned Division I FBS college football bowl game, the bowl features a top selection from the Western Athletic

Conference (WAC) and the Mid-American Conference (MAC). This year’s event features Ohio University vs. Utah State and will be televised on ESPN.

Shawn Hubbard
Ruan Transport

Shawn Hubbard of Ruan Transport Corporation Selected as TCA’s 2010 Highway Angel of the Year
11/1/2010

Alexandria, Virginia:

Photo: Shawn HubbardThe Truckload Carriers Association (TCA) is pleased to announce that its 2010 Highway Angel of the Year is Shawn Hubbard, a professional driver with Ruan Transport Corporation of Des Moines, Iowa. Hubbard, who saved the life of a young man trapped inside a burning car, will be the third Highway Angel of the Year to be recognized at the uDrove® Humanitarian Bowl (formerly known as Roady’s Humanitarian Bowl), a post-season, NCAA-sanctioned Division I FBS college football bowl game scheduled for December 18, 2010, at Boise State University’s Bronco Stadium in Boise, Idaho.

Hubbard’s story begins on November 13, 2009, at 3:35 a.m. He had just made a delivery and was heading east on I-60 in California when he came across a car on fire. The car appeared to have smashed into several steel poles and had come to rest in a ditch against a 40-foot high embankment. Two people were still inside the vehicle: the driver, who appeared to be dead, and a passenger, who was still alive, but pinned on all sides by the crushed car. Using two fire extinguishers, Hubbard was able to slow the flames down, but could not fully extinguish them.

With adrenaline providing an extra boost of energy, Hubbard was able to pull the debris and collapsed roof off the car so the passenger could escape. Screaming at him to move quickly regardless of the pain, Hubbard got the heavy-set man out and pushed him up the hill to safety, seconds before flames fully engulfed the car. The California Highway Patrol was so impressed that it later presented him with a Certificate of Commendation. He also received an award from the L.A. County Supervisor as well as a Gold “R” certificate from Ruan.

“What Hubbard did was extraordinary, but even more incredible is the fact that throughout the entire event, hundreds of cars passed by on the busy seven-lane highway, but – other than the truck driver who originally called 911 and someone who tossed a second fire extinguisher down the embankment to Hubbard – not a single person stopped to help,” said John Kaburick, TCA chairman and president of Earl L. Henderson Trucking Company, Salem, Illinois.

The decision to name Hubbard as the 2010 Highway Angel of the Year was made by the TCA Communications & Image Policy Committee, which oversees the Highway Angel program.

As the Highway Angel of the Year, Hubbard will be flown to the uDrove® Humanitarian Bowl, accompanied by Ralph Arthur, president of Dedicated Contract Carriage for Ruan Transport Corporation. After his story is told, he will receive a trophy in front of the 34,000-person audience. The event is sure to attract massive publicity for the Highway Angel program, furthering its goal of educating the general public about the good deeds that professional truck drivers do every day in the course of their jobs.

Michael Hunt
Mail Contractors of America (MCA)

Selfless Truck Driver to Be Honored as “2009 Highway Angel of the Year”
12/14/2009

Alexandria, Virginia:

For only the second time in history, a Truckload Carriers Association (TCA) Highway Angel will be recognized in front of 34,000 football fans during Roady’s Humanitarian Bowl, a post-season, NCAA-sanctioned Division I FBS college football game. The bowl game will take place on December 30, 2009, at Bronco Stadium at Boise State University, and will be broadcast live on ESPN to millions of viewers beginning at 2:30 pm MST.

The bowl’s viewers will learn how Michael Hunt, a former truck driver for Mail Contractors of America (MCA) of Little Rock, Arkansas, and now an owner-operator, helped to save a life at the scene of an otherwise fatal accident. TCA Chairman Kevin Burch and President Chris Burruss will then join representatives from Roady’s Truck Stops, the Humanitarian Bowl, and Internet Truck Stop in the end zone to present Hunt with TCA’s “2009 Highway Angel of the Year” trophy. Richard Clair, president and CEO of MCA, will be by his side as he receives the award.

Hunt was selected as Highway Angel of the Year by a committee of the TCA Communications & Image Policy Committee, which ranked his good deed against the other Angels named in 2009. The subcommittee utilized a scorecard of criteria, such as how many other motorists stopped to help, the degree of difficulty of the good deed performed, and information provided by highway officials and incident bystanders.

Hunt was driving his tractor-trailer at approximately 2:20 a.m. when he came across a two-car collision that had just occurred on NC 24 near Spring Lake, North Carolina. Two vehicles were involved in the crash, and both had come to rest within five feet of each other. Initially, Hunt attempted to put out the flames on one of the vehicles with his fire extinguisher. But the blaze was too strong, and that driver perished. Realizing that the second driver was still alive, Hunt used his tractor-trailer to push the vehicle away from the fire.

According to the report written by Trooper J.E. Stahl of the North Carolina State Highway Patrol, “When Mr. Hunt did this, it damaged his own vehicle. Mr. Hunt’s quick actions helped to save a life from serious injury or death from burns.” The Patrol later honored Hunt with an award for valor.

When asked to tell the story of what he did, Hunt is modest, downplaying his importance in saving a life that day. “I’m glad I could help one of the drivers, but when I think about the other person who died—that’s tough for me,” he said.

Chris Burruss, TCA’s president, is not surprised at Hunt’s response. “We receive hundreds of Angel nominations each year, and the drivers are almost always shocked to hear that they are being recognized for their good deeds. For them, the highway is their workplace, and helping others is simply the right thing to do. It’s not about monetary gain or publicity,” he said.

In this case, however, with the Humanitarian Bowl being aired on ESPN, both Hunt and the Highway Angel program will receive widespread recognition. “Roady’s is pleased to once again offer our bowl as the vehicle to convey this driver’s story to the millions of people who will be watching the game from home as well as at the field,” said Kelly Rhinehart, co-founder and owner of Roady’s Truck Stops of New Plymouth, Idaho. “The general public should know that truck drivers routinely stop to help others in need and that they are unsung heroes of the highways.”

During the Humanitarian Bowl weekend, Hunt will be very busy. After flying to Boise, he and his wife will take a sightseeing tour and then attend the Humanitarian Awards Dinner. On game day, they will eat at the Breakfast of Champions and participate in a pre-game party. They will watch the game from a heated sky box seat, and Hunt will receive a warm Roady’s coat as a souvenir. After the trophy presentation and game, Hunt and his wife will be treated to dinner with the rest of the TCA delegation and then return home the following day.